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Thursday, May 12, 2016

Habitable Exoplanets Catalog

HEC: Graphical Catalog Results

Last Update: May 11, 2016

The Habitable Exoplanets Catalog (HEC) list a selection of all known exoplanets
with any potential to support life, including some unconfirmed planets.

The catalog tries to be as open as possible as not to exclude any object of interest.
 The selection can be narrowed down as desired using more conservative criteria based
 on different habitability metrics. 

The Data section has more technical details. Check the Methods section for
 an explanation of the metrics and classifications used here.

See the full version HERE


http://www.hpcf.upr.edu/~abel/phl/HEC_hab_sky_location_HR.png

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Couple creates their own nature sanctuary from land deemed 'unusable,' demonstrating wildlife's amazing ability to bounce back

Couple creates their own nature sanctuary from land deemed 'unusable,' demonstrating wildlife's amazing ability to bounce back

Monday, May 09, 2016 by: Isabelle Z.


Usable land

(NaturalNews) When they bought 55 acres of abandoned land from debt-ridden farmers who were struggling to grow crops in 1991, Pamela and Anil Malhotra had one vision in mind: to show the world Mother Nature's incredible ability to regenerate itself when given the opportunity. That land has now become India's only private wildlife sanctuary, and has extended across 300 acres.

The Malhotras' land is known as the Save Animals Initiative (SAI) Sanctuary, and it is now thriving thanks to three simple but important rules that they set out: No poaching, no human interference and no chopping down of trees. The beautiful forest is home to a host of exotic animals such as Wild Boars, Hyenas, Asian Elephants, Leopards and Bengal Tigers. It boasts more than 300 species of birds and a number of species of aquatic fish and snakes, along with hundreds of native tree varieties and thick green cover.

This project shows the tremendous possibilities that can arise from restoring the balance necessary for nature to thrive.

Anil Malhotra said, "People think that animals need the forest. But the truth is, the forest needs the animals equally. While the forest helps animals in providing shelter and food, animals help forests in regeneration – they are both inter-dependent and we should make efforts to preserve both."

To illustrate this point, Pamela Malhotra explained that elephants can swallow seeds entirely without breaking them, despite the large size of the seeds. In fact, she said that 30 species of trees are completely dependent on elephants for their regeneration.

The couple also uses the land for organic farming, including approximately 15 acres of cardamom and 12 acres of coffee. Their sanctuary runs entirely on alternative energy sourcessuch as solar energy, and in 2014, it was awarded the "Wildlife and Tourism Initiative of the Year" by Sanctuary Asia. The couple initially invested their own money in the sanctuary, but they are now a registered not-for-profit trust run on tax-exempt donations.


Deforestation putting entire planet at risk

The deforestation that is taking place in the equatorial region is the driving force behind theworld's water crisis, and is leading to a devastating loss of animal, plant and insect species, putting the overall balance of our planet at great risk. This same lack of water that prompted farmers to sell their barren land to the Malhotras to pay off debts, is also what spurs other farmers to use herbicides and fertilizers, which cause even more harm to the environment.

Deforestation remains a large problem throughout the world. Nearly half of the planet's ten million plant, animal and microorganism species are projected to be either destroyed or seriously threatened in the next 25 years as a result of the deforestation of rain forests, and it is believed that 137 animal and plant species are lost each day.

If you think that doesn't affect you, think again: More than 3,000 plants are thought to be active against cancer cells, and a staggering 70 percent of these are only found in rain forests. Those are just the ones we know about; it's possible that these plants could also hold the answer to countless other health problems, and they could even cure cancer or AIDS.


Wildlife can bounce back remarkably


The Malhotras, for their part, have accomplished their goal. Their land has proven that when humans stop interfering with nature, the earth and the life it contains is able to thrive.

"Our aim is to preserve the flora and fauna, especially the rainforests, for the future generation. We believe that when we die we should give back the same (if not better) Earth which we got from our ancestors to the next generation," Anil said.


Sources include:




Monday, May 9, 2016

The Seas Could Turn to Sulfur -- By Peter D. Ward


The Seas Could Turn to Sulfur
By Peter D. Ward

 
Peter Ward conducts his research within The Environment Institute's Sprigg Geobiolgy Centre at the University of Adelaide.

Peter Ward has been active in Paleontology, Biology, and more recently, Astrobiology for more than 40 years. Since his Ph.D. in 1976, Ward has published more than 140 scientific papers dealing with paleontological, zoological, and astronomical topics. 

He is an acknowledged world expert on mass extinctions and the role of extraterrestrial impacts on Earth. Ward was the Principal Investigator of the University of Washington node of the NASA Astrobiology Institute from 2001-2006, and in that capacity led a team of over 40 scientists and students. His career was profiled by the Pulitzer Prize winning reporter William Dietrich in The Seattle Times article "Prophet, Populist, Poet of Science."

Peter has written a memoir of his research on the Nautilus for Nautilus magazine's "Ingenious" feature entitled "Nautilus and me. My wonderful, dangerous life with the amazing Nautilus."

His books include the best-selling "Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe" (co-author Donald Brownlee, 2000), "Under a Green Sky: Global Warming, the Mass Extinctions of the Past, and What They Can Tell Us About Our Future" (2007), and "The Medea Hypothesis: Is Life on Earth Ultimately Self-Destructive?" (2009).


TRANSCRIPT

Question: What non-greenhouse extinction events have happened in the past, and are they likely to recur?

Peter Ward: Well, we certainly know that we were hit 65 million years ago by a very large rock from space, Hollywood knows this with the two blockbusters, “Armageddon” and “Deep Impact,” so it must be true. It was really interesting, in ’95, Spielberg sent his minions to a conference to where a number of us were attending about this particular hit and indeed, there is a great danger out there. We are surrounded by asteroids, some become berth crossing. Jupiter has a way of perturbing comets and sending them from stable orbits to earth-crossing orbits. We will get hit again. How big the hit will be is only a matter of time until we get something the same size that killed off the dinosaurs, should humanity last long enough that is. But that size hit looks like only once every 100 million years, or more. We haven’t had a hit that size for the last 500 million years. So, it does look like it is a rare event to have something that big; a 10 kilometer asteroid hit us.

Question: Given the low number of extinction events in recent Earth history, are we “due” for another?

Peter Ward: Well, no, it’s just the whole sense of when is it going to happen again and it appears that most of the big mass extinctions have been caused by these nasty volcanic events. The last one didn’t cause a mass extinction. It was in the Tertiary Period. This was in my own home state, Washington State, the Columbia River Basalts. Out came all this basalt, as liquid lava, and a lot of the carbon dioxide came out too, but not enough to cause the earth to go into a really nasty mass extinction. The mass extinctions caused by the basalts again, are simply by heating the world. Now when you heat the world you heat the pole more than you do the equatorial region. When that happens, you start losing circulation. The only reason you have wind now is you have a hot spot and a cold spot and they’re trying to equilibrate. Well, an ocean current you have the same thing. You have a cold Antarctic and then you warm them up, the ocean circulation system is dampened down; there’s much less heat difference.

So when we heated the poles to the point that there is no longer – or already in a very sluggish ocean circulation, the ocean is going oxic, they lose their oxygen. They only keep oxygenated now because of this vigorous mixing. Well, even when you have oxygen in the atmosphere and contact with the surface, once you slow down any circulation, that whole basin can lose this oxygen. The Black Sea is the same case. It’s sits under a 21% oxygen atmosphere, and yet the Black Sea, except for the top several meters, in anoxic. It’s black because it’s producing a lot of sulfur-producing bacteria and there’s very nasty gasses that are produced.

We now think the big mass extinctions were caused by global anoxia. The oceans themselves so sluggish that the hydrogen sulfide bacteria are produced in huge areas of the ocean bottom bubbles up to the surface and starts killing things; rotten egg killing. It would be extremely nasty. Hydrogen Sulfide poisoning is a horrible death. Two hundred hydrogen sulfide molecules among a million air molecules is enough to kill a human. I mean, just breathing in 200 of those little things amid all the million you’re got in oxygen and boom, you’re down, horribly down.

So, this is a really nasty poison and it was certainly present in past oceans during these short-term global warming events. That’s why it’s really spooky what we’re doing now.

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

SARAH KNAPTON -- Dead could be brought 'back to life' in groundbreaking project


A man lies in a coma

Scientists believe that a combination of therapies could stimulate regeneration  CREDIT:GETTY 

3 MAY 2016 • 12:15PM

A groundbreaking trial to see if it is possible to regenerate the brains of dead people, has won approval from health watchdogs.

biotech company in the US has been granted ethical permission to recruit 20 patients who have been declared clinically dead from a traumatic brain injury, to test whether parts of their central nervous system can be brought back to life. 

Scientists will use a combination of therapies, which include injecting the brain with stem cells and a cocktail of peptides, as well as deploying lasers and nerve stimulation techniques which have been shown to bring patients out of comas.

The trial participants will have been certified dead and only kept alive through life support. They will be monitored for several months using brain imaging equipment to look for signs of regeneration, particularly in the upper spinal cord - the lowest region of the brain stem which controls independent breathing and heartbeat.

The team believes that the brain stem cells may be able to erase their history and re-start life again, based on their surrounding tissue – a process seen in the animal kingdom in creatures like salamanders who can regrow entire limbs.

Dr Ira Pastor, the CEO of Bioquark Inc. said: “This represents the first trial of its kind and another step towards the eventual reversal of death in our lifetime.
“We just received approval for our first 20 subjects and we hope to start recruiting patients immediately from this first site – we are working with the hospital now to identify families where there may be a religious or medical barrier to organ donation.

"To undertake such a complex initiative, we are combining biologic regenerative medicine tools with other existing medical devices typically used for stimulation of the central nervous system, in patients with other severe disorders of consciousness.

 “We hope to see results within the first two to three months."

A doctors looks at an MRS scan

The patients will be monitored using MRI scans for several months  CREDIT: CHRONIS JONS

The ReAnima Project has just received approach from an Institutional Review Board at the National Institutes of Health in the US and in India, and the team plans to start recruiting patients immediately.

SARAH KNAPTON --First hint of 'life after death' in biggest ever scientific study


A bright light behind some trees
Some cardiac arrest patients recalled seeing a bright light; a golden flash or the Sun shining CREDIT: SHAUN WILKINSON/ALAMY

Death is a depressingly inevitable consequence of life, but now scientists believe they may have found some light at the end of the tunnel.

The largest ever medical study into near-death and out-of-body experiences has discovered that some awareness may continue even after the brain has shut down completely.

SARAH KNAPTON --Bright flash of light marks incredible moment life begins when sperm meets egg


H
uman life begins in bright flash of light as a sperm meets an egg,scientists have shown for the first time, after capturing the astonishing ‘fireworks’ on film.

An explosion of tiny sparks erupts from the egg at the exact moment of conception.
Scientists had seen the phenomenon occur in other animals but it is the first time is has been also shown to happen in humans.

Not only is it an incredible spectacle, highlighting the very moment that a new life begins, the size of the flash can be used to determine the quality of the fertilised egg.
Researchers from Northwestern University, in Chicago, noticed that some of the eggs burn brighter than others, showing that they are more likely to produce a healthy baby.

Eggs flash as they meet sperm enzyme, capturing the moment that life begins

9 Video Documentaries about the Universe

space photos

The universe is a vast, incredible thing. Most people think they have some degree of understanding of how it works, but the more they learn about it, the more they realize that much of it is beyond the average person’s comprehension. Luckily, some people have created some truly fantastic documentaries and videos that can teach even the most non-scientific person out there a whole lot about the universe. Here are nine such incredible videos, but be warned – you may end up being even more curious after watching them!

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

esoteric



SUBTITLES IN ENGLISH, ESPAÑOL, PORTUGUÊS

Click upon the circle after the small square for captions

MUFON

How to Digitally Record/Video a UFO sighting:


Como registar digitalmente ou gravar um vídeo de um avistamento de um UFO:




Stabilize the camera on a tripod. If there is no tripod, then set it on top of a stable, flat surface. If that is not possible lean against a wall to stabilize your body and prevent the camera from filming in a shaky, unsteady manner.

Estabilize a camera com um tripé. Se não tiver um tripé, então coloque-a em cima de uma superfície estável. Se não for possível, então encoste-se a uma parede para estabilizar o corpo e evitar que a camera registe de maneira tremida e instável.

Provide visual reference points for comparison. This includes the horizon, treetops, lampposts, houses, and geographical landmarks (i.e., Horsetooth Reservoir, Mt. Adams, etc.) Provide this in the video whenever is appropriate and doesn’t detract from what your focus is, the UFO.

Forneça pontos visuais de referência para comparação. Isso inclui o horizonte, cimo das árvores, postes de iluminação, pontos de referência geográficos (como o Reservatório de Horsetooth, Mone Adams, etc) Forneça esses pontos no vídeo sempre que for apropriado e não se distraia do que é o seu foco, o UFO/a Nave.

Narrate your videotape. Provide details of the date, time, location, and direction (N,S,E,W) you are looking in. Provide your observations on the weather, including approximate temperature, windspeed, any visible cloud cover or noticeable weather anomalies or events. Narrate on the shape, size, color, movements, approximate altitude of the UFO, etc and what it appears to be doing. Also include any unusual physical, psychological or emotional sensations you might have. Narrate any visual reference points on camera so they correlate with what the viewer will see, and thereby will be better able to understand.

Faça a narração do vídeo. Forneça pormenores sobre a data, hora, local e direcção (Norte, Sul, Este, Oeste) que está a observar. Faça observações sobre as condições atmosféricas, incluindo a temperatura aproximada, velocidade do vento, quantidade de nuvens, anomalias ou acontecimentos meteorológicos evidentes. Descreva a forma, o tamanho, a cor, os movimentos, a altitude aproximada onde se encontra o UFO/nave, etc e o que aparenta estar a fazer. Inclua também quaisquer aspectos pouco habituais de sensações físicas, psicológicas ou emocionais que possa ter. Faça a narração de todos os pontos de referência visual que o espectador irá ver e que, deste modo, será capaz de compreender melhor.

Be persistent and consistent. Return to the scene to videotape and record at this same location. If you have been successful once, the UFO sightings may be occurring in this region regularly, perhaps for specific reasons unknown, and you may be successful again. You may also wish to return to the same location at a different time of day (daylight hours) for better orientation and reference. Film just a minute or two under “normal” circumstances for comparison. Write down what you remember immediately after. As soon as you are done recording the experience/event, immediately write down your impressions, memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. so it is on the record in writing. If there were other witnesses, have them independently record their own impressions, thoughts, etc. Include in this exercise any drawings, sketches, or diagrams. Make sure you date and sign your documentation.

Seja persistente e não contraditório. Volte ao local da cena e registe o mesmo local. Se foi bem sucedido uma vez, pode ser que nessa região ocorram avistamentos de UFOs/naves com regularidade, talvez por razões específicas desconhecidas, e talvez possa ser novamente bem sucedido. Pode também desejar voltar ao mesmo lugar a horas diferentes do dia (durante as horas de luz)para ter uma orientação e referência melhor. Filme apenas um ,inuto ou dois em circunstâncias “normais” para ter um termo de comparação. Escreva tudo o que viu imediatamente após o acontecimento. Logo após ter feito o registo da experiência/acontecimento, escreva imediatamente as impressões, memórias, pensamentos, emoções, etc para que fiquem registadas por escrito. Se houver outras testemunhas, peça-lhes para registar independentemente as suas próprias impressões, pensamentos, etc. Inclua quaisquer desenhos, esbolos, diagramas. Certifique-se que data e assina o seu documento/testemunho.

Always be prepared. Have a digital camera or better yet a video camera with you, charged and ready to go, at all times. Make sure you know how to use your camera (and your cell phone video/photo camera) quickly and properly. These events can occur suddenly, unexpectedly, and often quite randomly, so you will need to be prepared.

Esteja sempre preparado, Tenha sempre uma camera digital, melhor ainda, uma camera vídeo consigo, carregada e pronta a usar sempre que necessário. Certifique-se que sabe como lidar com a sua camera (ou com o seu celular/camera fotográfica) rápida e adequadamente. Esses acontecimentos podem acontecer súbita e inesperadamente e, por vezes, acidentalmente, por isso, necessita estar preparado.

Look up. Be prepared. Report. Share.

Olhe para cima, Esteja preparado, Relate, Partilhe.

MUFON.COM

ESOTERIC



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NGC - UFO's in EUROPE (Porugal included)

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