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Thursday, February 23, 2017

Russia Launches Progress MS-05 Cargo Spacecraft to International Space Station

The Progress MS-05 cargo craft is to orbit the Earth, eventually approaching the International Space Station and docking with it

Russia Launches Progress MS-05 Cargo Spacecraft to International Space Station

© Sputnik/ Mikhail Voskresenskiy
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The Progress MS-05 space freighter has separated from a Soyuz-U carrier rocket, a spokesperson of Russia's Mission Control Center told Sputnik on Wednesday.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Russia launched the Progress MS-05 space freighter to the International Space Station (ISS) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome earlier in the day. It was the final flight of a Souyz-U rocket that has been in use since 1973.
"The separation occurred at the estimated time. The docking of the cargo spacecraft with the International Space Station is scheduled for 11:34 Moscow time [08:34 GMT] on February 24," the spokesperson said.
The Progress MS-05 will deliver about 2.5 metric tons of various cargos to the International Space Station, including scientific equipment, fuel, water, food supplies and medicines for the crew.
On December 1, the Progress MS-04 space freighter burned up in the atmosphere after a faulty launch on board a Soyuz-U carrier rocket.

Fetal Sex Plays Role in Immunity of Pregnant Women, New Study Finds

Feb 22, 2017 by News Staff / Source

Women tend to react with stronger responses to immune challenges while pregnant with girls than with boys, a new study published in the journalBrain, Behavior and Immunity has found.
The study by Mitchell et al shows baby’s sex is associated with pregnant women’s immune responses.
The study by Mitchell et al shows baby’s sex is associated with pregnant women’s immune responses.
A team of scientists at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center followed 80 pregnant women (46 with male and 34 with female fetuses) across the course of their pregnancy and examined whether women exhibited different levels of immune markers called cytokines based on fetal sex.
Analyses were conducted on levels of cytokines in the blood and levels produced by a sample of immune cells that were exposed to bacteria in the lab.
“While women didn’t exhibit differences in blood cytokine levels based on fetal sex, we did find that the immune cells of women carrying female fetuses produced more pro-inflammatory cytokines when exposed to bacteria,” explained lead author Dr. Amanda Mitchell, a researcher in the Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.
“This means that women carrying female fetuses exhibited a heightened inflammatory response when their immune system was challenged, compared to women carrying male fetuses.”
Inflammation is a critical part of the immune response involved in wound healing and responses to viruses, bacteria and chronic illnesses.
However, excessive inflammation is stressful to the body and can contribute to sickness-related symptoms, such as achiness and fatigue.

Physicists Unveil ‘Time Crystals’

Jan 27, 2017 by News Staff / Source
Thanks to a breakthrough by a research team led by University of California Berkeley physicist Norman Yao, time crystals are now a reality.
Following a blueprint created by N.Y. Yao et al, University of Maryland physicists made the first time crystal using a one-dimensional chain of ytterbium ions; each ion behaves like an electron spin and exhibits long-range interactions indicated by the arrows. Image credit: J. Zhang et al.
Following a blueprint created by N.Y. Yao et al, University of Maryland physicists made the first time crystal using a one-dimensional chain of ytterbium ions; each ion behaves like an electron spin and exhibits long-range interactions indicated by the arrows. Image credit: J. Zhang et al.
If crystals have an atomic structure that repeats in space, like the carbon lattice of a diamond, why can’t crystals also have a structure that repeats in time? That is, a time crystal?

‘Molecular Switch’ that Causes Mucosal Autoimmune Diseases Discovered

Feb 21, 2017 by Enrico de Lazaro
According to an international team of researchers led by University College London and King’s College London, the discovery of a ‘molecular switch’ that causes the mucosal inflammatory diseases ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and celiac disease, could lead to effective new treatments for these autoimmune conditions. The discovery is reported in the journal PLoS Genetics.

According to Soderquest et al, T-bet plays an important role in coordinating the body’s immune responses. Image credit: Werbe Fabrik.
According to Soderquest et al, T-bet plays an important role in coordinating the body’s immune responses. Image credit: Werbe Fabrik.
For the first time, researchers have a specific target for the treatment of these life-changing conditions by identifying an immune molecule called T-bet (TBX21) as the key control point that regulates the genetic risk in specific diseases.
“Our research outlines a specific focus for the development of new treatments for these diseases which have such a profound effect on sufferers,” explained Professor Graham Lord, co-senior author on the study and Director of the National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust and King’s College London.
In the study, Prof. Lord and his colleagues examined how genetic variation affects T-bet binding to DNA, as a key regulatory mechanism in the immune response.
“Genome-wide association studies have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may be causative for autoimmune diseases,” the researchers said.
“The majority of these polymorphisms are located within non-coding distal regulatory elements.”
“It is considered that these genetic variants contribute to disease by altering the binding of regulatory proteins and thus gene expression, but whether these variants alter the binding of lineage-specifying transcription factors has not been determined.”
The researchers found that T-bet binding sites are specifically enriched in genetic variants associated with the mucosal autoinflammatory diseases.
They also identified genetic variants that alter T-bet binding and gene expression.

Study: Neurotransmitter Dopamine Plays Role in Human Bonding


Study: Neurotransmitter Dopamine Plays Role in Human Bonding

Feb 20, 2017 by News Staff / Source

Researchers have found for the first time that dopamine, a vital neurotransmitter in the brain, is involved in human bonding. The results appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Dopaminergic system and reward processing: dopaminergic neurons are located in the midbrain structures substantia nigra (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA); their axons project to the striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen and ventral striatum including nucleus accumbens), the dorsal and ventral prefrontal cortex; the mesolimbic dopamine pathway mediates the psychopharmacology of reward, whether that is a natural high or a drug-induced high, and is sometimes referred to as the pleasure center of the brain, with dopamine as the pleasure neurotransmitter. Image credit: Oscar Arias-Carrion et al, doi: 10.1186/1755-7682-7-29.
Dopaminergic system and reward processing: dopaminergic neurons are located in the midbrain structures substantia nigra (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA); their axons project to the striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen and ventral striatum including nucleus accumbens), the dorsal and ventral prefrontal cortex; the mesolimbic dopamine pathway mediates the psychopharmacology of reward, whether that is a natural high or a drug-induced high, and is sometimes referred to as the pleasure center of the brain, with dopamine as the pleasure neurotransmitter. Image credit: Oscar Arias-Carrion et al, doi: 10.1186/1755-7682-7-29.
“Animal studies have shown the role of dopamine in bonding but this was the first scientific evidence that it is involved in human bonding,” said Northeastern University Professor Lisa Feldman Barrett, corresponding author of the study.
“That suggests that other animal research in this area could be directly applied to humans as well.”

RUSSIA TODAY -- 'Glory Hole’: California storms see return of bizarre lake phenomenon (VIDEO)

'Glory Hole’: California storms see return of bizarre lake phenomenon (VIDEO)

'Glory Hole’: California storms see return of bizarre lake phenomenon (VIDEO)
Extremely heavy storms in California have raised a Napa County reservoir to its highest level in more than a decade, with huge rainfall forming an unusual overspill phenomenon that hasn’t been witnessed in years.

Part of Napa County’s Monticello Dam, Lake Berryessa reservoir, provides drinking water to the California cities of Vacaville, Vallejo and Fairfield.

Study Unveils Why Healers See Human Aura

Study Unveils Why Healers See Human Aura

May 7, 2012 by Enrico de Lazaro
A team of scientists from the University of Granada in Spain has found that many of the individuals claiming to see the aura of people – traditionally called healers or quacks – actually present the neuropsychological phenomenon known as synesthesia.
An artwork shows human aura (No-exit-studios, UK)
The new study, published in the journal Consciousness and Cognition, explains for the first time the esoteric phenomenon of the aura, a supposed energy field of luminous radiation surrounding a person as a halo, which is imperceptible to most human beings.
In neurological terms, synesthesia is due to cross-wiring in the brain of some people called synesthetes. In other words, synesthetes have more synaptic connections than “normal” people.
“These extra connections cause them to automatically establish associations between brain areas that are not normally interconnected”, said Prof. Gómez Milán, a lead author of the study. “Many healers claiming to see the aura of people might have this condition.”
In synesthetes, the brain regions responsible for the processing of each type of sensory stimuli are intensely interconnected. This way, synesthetes can see or taste a sound, feel a taste, or associate people with a particular color.
“Not all healers are synesthetes, but there is a higher prevalence of this phenomenon among them,” the scientists explained. “The same occurs among painters and artists, for example.”
In the new study, the team interviewed some synesthetes including the healer from Granada – Esteban Sánchez Casas, also known as El Santón de Baza.
“Many people attribute paranormal powers to El Santón, such as his ability to see the aura of people but, in fact, it is a clear case of synesthesia”, the researchers said.
The team found that El Santón has face-color synesthesia (the brain region responsible for face recognition is associated with the color-processing region); touch-mirror synesthesia (when the synesthete observes a person who is being touched or is experiencing pain, she/he experiences the same); high empathy (the ability to feel what other person is feeling), and schizotypy (certain personality traits in healthy people involving slight paranoia and delusions).

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How to Digitally Record/Video a UFO sighting:


Como registar digitalmente ou gravar um vídeo de um avistamento de um UFO:




Stabilize the camera on a tripod. If there is no tripod, then set it on top of a stable, flat surface. If that is not possible lean against a wall to stabilize your body and prevent the camera from filming in a shaky, unsteady manner.

Estabilize a camera com um tripé. Se não tiver um tripé, então coloque-a em cima de uma superfície estável. Se não for possível, então encoste-se a uma parede para estabilizar o corpo e evitar que a camera registe de maneira tremida e instável.

Provide visual reference points for comparison. This includes the horizon, treetops, lampposts, houses, and geographical landmarks (i.e., Horsetooth Reservoir, Mt. Adams, etc.) Provide this in the video whenever is appropriate and doesn’t detract from what your focus is, the UFO.

Forneça pontos visuais de referência para comparação. Isso inclui o horizonte, cimo das árvores, postes de iluminação, pontos de referência geográficos (como o Reservatório de Horsetooth, Mone Adams, etc) Forneça esses pontos no vídeo sempre que for apropriado e não se distraia do que é o seu foco, o UFO/a Nave.

Narrate your videotape. Provide details of the date, time, location, and direction (N,S,E,W) you are looking in. Provide your observations on the weather, including approximate temperature, windspeed, any visible cloud cover or noticeable weather anomalies or events. Narrate on the shape, size, color, movements, approximate altitude of the UFO, etc and what it appears to be doing. Also include any unusual physical, psychological or emotional sensations you might have. Narrate any visual reference points on camera so they correlate with what the viewer will see, and thereby will be better able to understand.

Faça a narração do vídeo. Forneça pormenores sobre a data, hora, local e direcção (Norte, Sul, Este, Oeste) que está a observar. Faça observações sobre as condições atmosféricas, incluindo a temperatura aproximada, velocidade do vento, quantidade de nuvens, anomalias ou acontecimentos meteorológicos evidentes. Descreva a forma, o tamanho, a cor, os movimentos, a altitude aproximada onde se encontra o UFO/nave, etc e o que aparenta estar a fazer. Inclua também quaisquer aspectos pouco habituais de sensações físicas, psicológicas ou emocionais que possa ter. Faça a narração de todos os pontos de referência visual que o espectador irá ver e que, deste modo, será capaz de compreender melhor.

Be persistent and consistent. Return to the scene to videotape and record at this same location. If you have been successful once, the UFO sightings may be occurring in this region regularly, perhaps for specific reasons unknown, and you may be successful again. You may also wish to return to the same location at a different time of day (daylight hours) for better orientation and reference. Film just a minute or two under “normal” circumstances for comparison. Write down what you remember immediately after. As soon as you are done recording the experience/event, immediately write down your impressions, memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. so it is on the record in writing. If there were other witnesses, have them independently record their own impressions, thoughts, etc. Include in this exercise any drawings, sketches, or diagrams. Make sure you date and sign your documentation.

Seja persistente e não contraditório. Volte ao local da cena e registe o mesmo local. Se foi bem sucedido uma vez, pode ser que nessa região ocorram avistamentos de UFOs/naves com regularidade, talvez por razões específicas desconhecidas, e talvez possa ser novamente bem sucedido. Pode também desejar voltar ao mesmo lugar a horas diferentes do dia (durante as horas de luz)para ter uma orientação e referência melhor. Filme apenas um ,inuto ou dois em circunstâncias “normais” para ter um termo de comparação. Escreva tudo o que viu imediatamente após o acontecimento. Logo após ter feito o registo da experiência/acontecimento, escreva imediatamente as impressões, memórias, pensamentos, emoções, etc para que fiquem registadas por escrito. Se houver outras testemunhas, peça-lhes para registar independentemente as suas próprias impressões, pensamentos, etc. Inclua quaisquer desenhos, esbolos, diagramas. Certifique-se que data e assina o seu documento/testemunho.

Always be prepared. Have a digital camera or better yet a video camera with you, charged and ready to go, at all times. Make sure you know how to use your camera (and your cell phone video/photo camera) quickly and properly. These events can occur suddenly, unexpectedly, and often quite randomly, so you will need to be prepared.

Esteja sempre preparado, Tenha sempre uma camera digital, melhor ainda, uma camera vídeo consigo, carregada e pronta a usar sempre que necessário. Certifique-se que sabe como lidar com a sua camera (ou com o seu celular/camera fotográfica) rápida e adequadamente. Esses acontecimentos podem acontecer súbita e inesperadamente e, por vezes, acidentalmente, por isso, necessita estar preparado.

Look up. Be prepared. Report. Share.

Olhe para cima, Esteja preparado, Relate, Partilhe.

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NGC - UFO's in EUROPE (Porugal included)

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